44 Ground transportation, an essential component of airport after-sales service, includes coordination of baggage delivery services, charter transportation, courier services, courtesy vehicles, shuttles, taxis and public transport. 5.1 Trends in Land Transport Agreements Trends in Land Transport Agreements are: “Land Transport Management” – Technological Progress “Technological Progress” – Compliance with Local Regulations – Taxicabs or Closed Systems – Airport Access Taxes – Recruitment Rules – Public Transport Agreements – Forms of Ground Transport Agreements 5.1.1 Land Transportation Management Historically, airports involved the management of ground transport with car parks. Good Practice Airports divided the management function and separated ground transportation tasks to separate staff or enter into a contract with an external management company to coordinate. 5.1.2 Technological Advances The installation of Automated Vehicle Identification Systems (AVI) has significantly improved the ability of airports to manage the flow of land transport and to record airport revenues. When airports install AVI systems, airports may consider outsourcing the management and operation of the system as well as general coordination of ground transportation to an external contractor. 5.1.3 Compliance with local regulations The requirements and contractual obligations for each component of ground transport must comply with local rules and regulations, including taxis, limousines and public transport. Often, local regulations regulate where and how passengers can be picked up and dropped off, and can also dictate the fares that can be calculated. C H A P T E R 5 PandaTip Ground Transportation Agreements: This area of the transport agreement model defines your responsibilities as a carrier. Directly below, the “Customer Responsibility” section defines your client`s responsibilities in relation to this model of transport service agreement. 27 (ii) comply with all applicable environmental laws applicable to air operations. Each airline compensates and compensates the Authority for any violation of environmental legislation by that airline and for any non-compliance with the authorizations issued by that airline or the authority (as far as air line is applicable) under these environmental laws, which are unscathed and which involve compensation, but are not limited to: enforcement measures to assess , correct, correct, sanitize, implement corrective measures or monitor environmental conditions and all financial penalties, costs, expenses or damages, including damage to natural resources, inflicted on the airline, its personnel, its guests, its suppliers or its service providers or the public authority for violation or not of that airline.