Cms Forward Rate Agreement
The interval between two CMS rates (z.B the 20-year CMS rate minus the 2-year CMS rate) contains information on the slope of the yield curve. This is why some CMS litter instruments are sometimes called steep slopes. Commodity spread derivatives are therefore traded by parties interested in looking at future changes in different parts of the yield curve. A constant maturity swap is an interest rate swap in which the interest rate is regularly reset at one stage, but referring to a market swap and not TO LIBOR. The other stage of the swap is usually LIBOR, but can be a fixed interest rate or perhaps another constant maturity. Constant-maturity swaps can be either one-time currency swaps or cross-currency swaps. Therefore, the main factor in trading constant maturities is the shape of the implied yield curves forward. A constant-maturity swap in a single currency against LIBOR resembles a series of interest rate fixings (or “DIRF”) in the same way that an interest rate swap resembles a series of advance rate agreements. The valuation of constant-maturity swaps depends on the volatility of different forward interest rates and therefore requires a stochastic yield curve model or an approached methodology, such as a convexity adjustment, or below. B Brigo and Mercurio (2006). The floating leg of an interest rate swap is usually reset against a published index. The floating leg of a constant maturity swap attaches periodically against a point on the swap curve.
Constant-maturity swaps are subject to changes in long-term interest rate movements that can be used to hedge or bet on the direction of interest rates. Although published swap rates are often used as constant maturities, the most popular constant maturity rates are yields for two- to five-year government bonds. In the United States, government bond swaps are often referred to as “Treasury Swaps.” A constant-maturity swap is a variant of the normal interest rate swap in which the variable part of the swap is periodically reset against the interest rate of a fixed-maturity instrument, for example. B a Treasury document, longer than the period of retro-deployment. In a normal or vanilla swap, the floating part is usually placed against LIBOR, which is a short-term rate. A client thinks the six-month libor rate will fall from the three-year swap rate for a given currency. To use this curve, he buys a constant-maturity swap that pays the six-month LIBOR rate and receives the three-year swap rate. In general, flattening or reversing the yield curve after the swap improves the payor`s position on a constant maturity relative to a variable payer.